Session of the Conference:17
Date of adoption:29:06:1933
Subject classification: Old-age, Invalidity and Survivors Benefit
Subject: Social Security
The General Conference of the International Labour Organisation,
Having been convened at Geneva by the Governing Body of the International Labour Office, and having met in its Seventeenth Session on 8 June 1933, and
Having decided upon the adoption of certain proposals with regard to compulsory widows’ and orphans’ insurance, which is included in the second item on the agenda of the Session, and
Having determined that these proposals shall take the form of an international Convention,
adopts this twenty-ninth day of June of the year one thousand nine hundred and thirty-three the following Convention, which may be cited as the Survivors’ Insurance (Agriculture) Convention, 1933, for ratification by the Members of the International Labour Organisation, in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation:
Each Member of the International Labour Organisation which ratifies this Convention undertakes to set up or maintain a scheme of compulsory widows’ and orphans’ insurance which shall be based on provisions at least equivalent to those contained in this Convention.
1. The compulsory widows’ and orphans’ insurance scheme shall apply to manual and non-manual workers, including apprentices, employed in agricultural undertakings, and to domestic servants employed in the households of agricultural employers.
2. Provided that any Member may in its national laws or regulations make such exceptions as it deems necessary in respect of–
(a) workers whose remuneration exceeds a prescribed amount and, where national laws or regulations do not make this exception general in its application, any non-manual workers engaged in occupations which are ordinarily considered as liberal professions
(b) workers who are not paid a money wage
(c) young workers under a prescribed age and workers too old to become insured when they first enter employment
(d) outworkers whose conditions of work are not of a like nature to those of ordinary wage earners
(e) members of the employer’s family
(f) workers whose employment is of such a nature that, its total duration being necessarily short, they cannot qualify for benefit, and persons engaged solely in occasional or subsidiary employment
(g) invalid workers and workers in receipt of an invalidity or old-age pension
(h) retired public officials employed for remuneration and persons possessing a private income, where the retirement pension or private income is at least equal to the invalidity pension provided by national laws or regulations
(i) workers, who, during their studies, give lessons or work for remuneration in preparation for an occupation corresponding to such studies.
3. Provided also that there may be exempted from liability to insurance persons whose survivors will, by virtue of any law, regulations or special scheme, become entitled to benefits at least equivalent on the whole to those provided for in this Convention.
National laws or regulations shall, under conditions to be determined by them, either entitle persons formerly compulsorily insured who are not in receipt of a pension to continue their insurance voluntarily or entitle such persons to maintain their rights by the periodical payment of a fee for the purpose, unless the said rights are automatically maintained or, in the case of married women, the husband, if not liable to compulsory insurance, is permitted to insure voluntarily and thereby to qualify his wife for an old-age or widow’s pension.
1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 5, the right to a pension may be made conditional upon the completion of a qualifying period, which may involve the payment of a minimum number of contributions since entry into insurance and during a prescribed period immediately preceding the happening of the event insured against.
2. The duration of the qualifying period shall not exceed 60 contribution months, 250 contribution weeks or 1,500 contribution days.
3. Where the completion of the qualifying period involves the payment of a prescribed number of contributions during a prescribed period immediately preceding the happening of the event insured against, periods for which benefit has been paid in respect of temporary incapacity for work or of unemployment shall be reckoned as contribution periods to such extent and under such conditions as may be determined by national laws or regulations.
1. An insured person who ceases to be liable to insurance without being entitled to a benefit representing a return for the contributions credited to his account shall retain his rights in respect of these contributions.
2. Provided that national laws or regulations may terminate rights in respect of contributions on the expiry of a term which shall be reckoned from the date when the insured person so ceased to be liable to insurance and which shall be either variable or fixed.
(a) Where the term is variable, it shall not be less than one-third (less the periods for which contributions have not been credited) of the total of the periods for which contributions have been credited since entry into insurance. (b) Where the term is fixed, it shall in no case be less than eighteen months and rights in respect of contributions may be terminated on the expiry of the term unless, in the course thereof, a minimum number of contributions prescribed by national laws or regulations has been credited to the account of the insured person in virtue of either compulsory or voluntarily continued insurance.
The widows’ and orphans’ insurance scheme shall as a minimum confer pension rights on widows who have not remarried and the children of a deceased insured or pensioned person.
1. The right to a widow’s pension may be reserved to widows who are above a prescribed age or are invalid.
2. The provisions of paragraph 1 shall not apply in the case of special schemes for non-manual workers.
3. The right to a widow’s pension may be restricted to cases where the marriage has lasted for a prescribed period and was contracted before the insured or pensioned person had reached a prescribed age or become invalid.
4. The rights to a widow’s pension may be withheld if, at the time of the death of the insured or pensioned person, the marriage had been dissolved or if a separation had been pronounced in proceedings in which the wife was found solely at fault.
5. Where there are several claimants to a widow’s pension, the amount payable may be limited to that of one pension.
1. Any child who has not reached a prescribed age which shall not be less than fourteen shall be entitled to a pension in respect of the death of either parent.
2. Provided that the right to a pension in respect of the death of an insured or pensioned mother may either be made conditional upon the mother’s having contributed to the support of the child or be made conditional upon her having been a widow at the time of her death.
3. National laws or regulations shall determine the cases in which a child other than a legitimate child shall be entitled to a pension.
1. The pension shall, whether or not dependent on the time spent in insurance, be a fixed sum or a percentage of the remuneration taken into account for insurance purposes or vary with the amount of the contributions paid.
2. Where the pension varies with the time spent in insurance and its award is made conditional upon the completion by the insured person of a qualifying period, the pension shall, unless a minimum rate is guaranteed, include a fixed sum or fixed portion not dependent on the time spent in insurance
3. Where contributions are graduated according to remuneration, the remuneration taken into account for this purpose shall also be taken into account for the purpose of computing the pension, whether or not the pension varies with the time spent in insurance.
Insurance institutions shall be authorised, under conditions which shall be determined by national laws or regulations, to grant benefits in kind for the purpose of preventing, postponing, alleviating or curing invalidity to persons who are in receipt of or may be entitled to claim a pension on the ground of invalidity.
1. The right to benefits may be forfeited or suspended in whole or in part–
(a) if death has been caused by a criminal offence committed by or the wilful misconduct of the insured person or any person who may become entitled to a survivor’s pension
(b) if the insured person or any person who may become entitled to a survivor’s pension has acted fraudulently towards the insurance institution.
2. The pension may be suspended in whole or in part while the person concerned–
(a) is entirely maintained at the public expense or by a social insurance institution
(b) refuses without valid reason to comply with the doctor’s orders or the instructions relating to the conduct of invalids or voluntarily and without authorisation removes herself from the supervision of the insurance institution
(c) is in receipt of another periodical cash benefit payable by virtue of any law or regulations concerning compulsory social insurance, pensions or workmen’s compensation for accidents or occupational diseases
(d) having been awarded a widow’s pension without any condition as to age or invalidity, is living with a man as his wife
(e) in the case of special schemes for non-manual workers, is in receipt of remuneration exceeding a prescribed rate.
1. The insured persons and their employers shall contribute to the financial resources of the insurance scheme.
2. National laws or regulations may exempt from liability to pay contributions–
(a) apprentices and young workers under a prescribed age
(b) workers who are not paid a money wage or whose wages are very low.
(c) workers in the service of an employer who pays contributions assessed on a basis which is not dependent on the number of workers employed.
3. Contributions from employers may be dispensed with under laws or regulations concerning schemes of national insurance not restricted in scope to employed persons.
4. The public authorities shall contribute to the financial resources or to the benefits of insurance schemes covering employed persons in general or manual workers.
5. National laws or regulations which, at the time of the adoption of this Convention, do not require contributions from insured persons may continue not to require such contributions.
1. The insurance scheme shall be administered by institutions founded by the public authorities and not conducted with a view to profit, or by State insurance funds.
2. Provided that national laws or regulations may also entrust its administration to institutions founded on the initiative of the parties concerned or of their organisations and duly approved by the public authorities.
3. The funds of insurance institutions and State insurance funds shall be administered separately from the public funds.
4. Representatives of the insured persons shall participate in the management of insurance institutions under conditions to be determined by national laws or regulations, which may likewise decide as to the participation of representatives of employers and of the public authorities.
5. Self-governing insurance institutions shall be under the administrative and financial supervision of the public authorities.
1. The survivors of a deceased insured or pensioned person shall have a right of appeal in any dispute concerning benefits.
2. Such disputes shall be referred to special tribunals which shall include judges, whether professional or not, who are specially cognisant of the purposes of insurance or are assisted by assessors chosen as representative of insured persons and employers respectively.
3. In any dispute concerning liability to insurance or the rate of contribution, the employed person and, in the case of schemes providing for an employer’s contribution, his employer shall have a right of appeal.
1. Foreign employed persons shall be liable to insurance and to the payment of contributions under the same conditions as nationals.
2. The survivors of foreign insured or pensioned persons shall be entitled under the same conditions as nationals to the benefits derived from the contributions credited to their account.
3. The survivors of foreign insured or pensioned persons shall, if nationals of a Member which is bound by this Convention and the laws or regulations of which thereof provide for a State subsidy towards the financial resources or benefits of the insurance scheme in conformity with Article 12, also be entitled to any subsidy or supplement to or fraction of a pension which is payable out of public funds.
4. Provided that national laws or regulations may restrict to nationals the right to any subsidy or supplement to or fraction of a pension which is payable out of public funds and granted solely to the survivors of insured persons who have exceeded a prescribed age at the date when the laws or regulations providing for compulsory insurance come into force.
5. Any restrictions which may apply in the event of residence abroad shall only apply to pensioners who are nationals of any Member bound by this Convention and reside in the territory of any Member bound thereby to the extent to which they apply to nationals of the country in which the pension has been acquired. Provided that any subsidy or supplement to or fraction of a pension which is payable out of public funds may be withheld.
1. The insurance of employed persons shall be governed by the law applicable at their place of employment.
2. In the interest of continuity of insurance exceptions may be made to this rule by agreement between the Members concerned.
Any Member may prescribe special provisions for frontier workers whose place of employment is in its territory and whose place of residence is abroad.
In countries which, at the time when this Convention first comes into force, have no laws or regulations providing for compulsory widows’ and orphans’ insurance, an existing non-contributory pension scheme which guarantees an individual right to a pension under the conditions defined in Articles 19 to 25 hereinafter shall be deemed to satisfy the requirements of this Convention.
1. The following shall be entitled to a pension:
(a) every widow who has not remarried and who has at least two dependent children
(b) every orphan, that is to say, every child who has lost both parents.
2. National laws or regulations shall define–
(a) the cases in which a child other than a legitimate child shall be deemed to be the child of a widow for the purpose of entitling her to a pension
(b) the age until which a child shall be considered dependent upon a widow or shall be entitled to an orphan’s pension: Provided that this age shall in no case be less than fourteen.
1. The right to a widow’s pension may be made conditional upon the residence in the territory of the Member–
(a) of the deceased husband during a period immediately preceding his death
(b) of the widow during a period immediately preceding the making of her claim for a pension.
2. The right to an orphan’s pension may be made conditional upon the residence, in the territory of the Member during a period immediately preceding death, of whichever of the parents died the more recently.
3. The period of residence in the territory of the Member to have been completed by a widow or a deceased parent shall be prescribed by national laws or regulations but shall not exceed five years.
1. A claimant shall be entitled to a widow’s or orphan’s pension if the annual value of the claimant’s means, including any means of dependent children or orphans, does not exceed a limit which shall be fixed by national laws or regulations with due regard to the minimum cost of living.
2. Means up to a level which shall be determined by national laws or regulations shall be exempted for the purpose of the assessment of means.
The rate of pension shall be an amount which, together with any means of the claimant in excess of the means exempted, is at least sufficient to cover the essential needs of the pensioner.
1. A claimant shall have a right of appeal in any dispute concerning the award of a pension or the rate thereof.
2. The appeal shall lie to an authority other than the authority which gave the decision in the first instance.
1. Foreign widows and orphans shall, if nationals of a Member bound by this Convention, be entitled to pensions under the same conditions as nationals.
2. Provided that national laws or regulations may make the award of a pension to foreigners conditional upon the completion of a period of residence in the territory of the Member which shall not exceed by more than five years the period of residence provided for in Article 20.
1. The right to a pension may be forfeited or suspended in whole or in part if the widow or the person who has undertaken responsibility for the care of the orphan has obtained or attempted to obtain a pension by fraud.
2. The pension may be suspended in whole or in part while the person concerned is entirely maintained at the public expense.
Subject to the provisions of paragraph 5 of Article 15, this Convention does not refer to the maintenance of pension rights in the event of residence abroad.
The formal ratifications of this Convention under the conditions set forth in the Constitution of the International Labour Organisation shall be communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration.
1. This Convention shall be binding only upon those Members whose ratifications have been registered with the International Labour Office.
2. It shall come into force twelve months after the date on which the ratifications of two Members of the International Labour Organisation have been registered with the Director-General.
3. Thereafter, this Convention shall come into force for any Member twelve months after the date on which its ratification has been registered.
As soon as the ratifications of two Members of the International Labour Organisation have been registered with the International Labour Office, the Director-General of the International Labour Office shall so notify all the Members of the International Labour Organisation. He shall likewise notify them of the registration of ratifications which may be communicated subsequently by other Members of the Organisation.
1. A Member which has ratified this Convention may denounce it after the expiration of ten years from the date on which the Convention first comes into force, by an act communicated to the Director-General of the International Labour Office for registration. Such denunciation shall not take effect until one year after the date on which it is registered with the International Labour Office.
2. Each Member which has ratified this Convention and which does not, within the year following the expiration of the period of ten years mentioned in the preceding paragraph, exercise the right of denunciation provided for in this Article, will be bound for another period of ten years and, thereafter, may denounce this Convention at the expiration of each period of ten years under the terms provided for in this Article.
At such times as it may consider necessary the Governing Body of the International Labour Office shall present to the General Conference a report on the working of this Convention and shall examine the desirability of placing on the agenda of the Conference the question of its revision in whole or in part.
1. Should the Conference adopt a new Convention revising this Convention in whole or in part, then unless the new Convention otherwise provides,
(a) the ratification by a Member of the new revising Convention shall ipso jure involve the immediate denunciation of this Convention, notwithstanding the provisions of Article 30 above, if and when the new revising Convention shall have come into force
(b) as from the date when the new revising Convention comes into force, this Convention shall cease to be open to ratification by the Members.
2. This Convention shall in any case remain in force in its actual form and content for those Members which have ratified it but have not ratified the revising Convention.
The French and English texts of this Convention shall both be authentic.
The foregoing is the authentic text of the Survivors’ Insurance (Agriculture) Convention, 1933, as modified by the Final Articles Revision Convention, 1946.